Current El Nino Now Tied As Strongest On Record

Current El Niño ties 97-98 as strongest on record... Oceanic Niño Index at 2.3°C above normal.

The current El Nino has moved into the record books… tying 1997-1998 as the strongest on record.

El Nino is a natural warming of the central tropical Pacific that changes weather patterns worldwide.

Mike Halpert… deputy director of NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center… says data for October/November/December equal the same period in 1997 for the strongest El Nino.

Records date back to 1950.

El Nino is measured based on the warmth over parts of the central Pacific for three consecutive months.

DATA COURTESY OF NOAA… For historical purposes… periods of below and above normal SSTs as a measure of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation are below.

Year

DJF

JFM

FMA

MAM

AMJ

MJJ

JJA

JAS

ASO

SON

OND

NDJ

1950

-1.4

-1.2

-1.1

-1.2

-1.1

-0.9

-0.6

-0.6

-0.5

-0.6

-0.7

-0.8

1951

-0.8

-0.6

-0.2

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.7

0.6

1952

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.2

0

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

1953

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.7

1954

0.7

0.4

0

-0.4

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.7

-0.7

-0.6

-0.5

-0.5

1955

-0.6

-0.6

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-1.0

-1.4

-1.6

-1.4

1956

-0.9

-0.6

-0.6

-0.5

-0.5

-0.4

-0.5

-0.5

-0.4

-0.4

-0.5

-0.4

1957

-0.3

0

0.3

0.6

0.7

0.9

1.0

1.2

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.6

1958

1.7

1.5

1.2

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.6

1959

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.1

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

1960

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

0

-0.1

-0.2

0

0.1

0.2

0.1

0

0

1961

0

0

-0.1

0

0.1

0.2

0.1

-0.1

-0.3

-0.3

-0.2

-0.2

1962

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

1963

-0.4

-0.2

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.7

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.1

1964

1.0

0.6

0.1

-0.3

-0.6

-0.6

-0.7

-0.7

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

1965

-0.5

-0.3

-0.1

0.1

0.4

0.7

1.0

1.3

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.5

1966

1.3

1.0

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.3

1967

-0.4

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.2

0

0

-0.2

-0.3

-0.4

-0.4

-0.5

1968

-0.7

-0.8

-0.7

-0.5

-0.1

0.2

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

1969

0.9

1.0

0.9

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.5

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.7

1970

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.1

-0.3

-0.6

-0.8

-0.8

-0.8

-0.9

-1.2

1971

-1.3

-1.3

-1.1

-0.9

-0.8

-0.7

-0.8

-0.7

-0.8

-0.8

-0.9

-0.8

1972

-0.7

-0.4

0

0.3

0.6

0.8

1.1

1.3

1.5

1.8

2.0

1.9

1973

1.7

1.2

0.6

0

-0.4

-0.8

-1.0

-1.2

-1.4

-1.7

-1.9

-1.9

1974

-1.7

-1.5

-1.2

-1.0

-0.9

-0.8

-0.6

-0.4

-0.4

-0.6

-0.7

-0.6

1975

-0.5

-0.5

-0.6

-0.6

-0.7

-0.8

-1.0

-1.1

-1.3

-1.4

-1.5

-1.6

1976

-1.5

-1.1

-0.7

-0.4

-0.3

-0.1

0.1

0.3

0.5

0.7

0.8

0.8

1977

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.8

0.8

1978

0.7

0.4

0.1

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.3

-0.1

0

1979

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.5

0.6

1980

0.6

0.5

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.3

0.2

0

0.1

0.1

0

1981

-0.2

-0.4

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

-0.1

0

1982

0

0.1

0.2

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

1.0

1.5

1.9

2.1

2.1

1983

2.1

1.8

1.5

1.2

1.0

0.7

0.3

0

-0.3

-0.6

-0.8

-0.8

1984

-0.5

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.3

-0.6

-0.9

-1.1

1985

-0.9

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.6

-0.4

-0.4

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.3

1986

-0.4

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.9

1.0

1.1

1987

1.1

1.2

1.1

1.0

0.9

1.1

1.4

1.6

1.6

1.4

1.2

1.1

1988

0.8

0.5

0.1

-0.3

-0.8

-1.2

-1.2

-1.1

-1.2

-1.4

-1.7

-1.8

1989

-1.6

-1.4

-1.1

-0.9

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

1990

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.4

1991

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

1.2

1.4

1992

1.6

1.5

1.4

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.5

0.2

0

-0.1

-0.1

0

1993

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.7

0.8

0.6

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

1994

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.9

1.0

1995

0.9

0.7

0.5

0.3

0.2

0

-0.2

-0.5

-0.7

-0.9

-1.0

-0.9

1996

-0.9

-0.7

-0.6

-0.4

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.4

-0.5

1997

-0.5

-0.4

-0.2

0.1

0.6

1.0

1.4

1.7

2.0

2.2

2.3

2.3

1998

2.1

1.8

1.4

1.0

0.5

-0.1

-0.7

-1.0

-1.2

-1.2

-1.3

-1.4

1999

-1.4

-1.2

-1.0

-0.9

-0.9

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.1

-1.2

-1.4

-1.6

2000

-1.6

-1.4

-1.1

-0.9

-0.7

-0.7

-0.6

-0.5

-0.6

-0.7

-0.8

-0.8

2001

-0.7

-0.6

-0.5

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

2002

-0.2

-0.1

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.2

1.3

1.1

2003

0.9

0.6

0.4

0

-0.2

-0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

2004

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

2005

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.1

0

0

-0.1

-0.4

-0.7

2006

-0.7

-0.6

-0.4

-0.2

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.8

0.9

1.0

2007

0.7

0.3

0

-0.1

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.6

-0.8

-1.1

-1.2

-1.3

2008

-1.4

-1.3

-1.1

-0.9

-0.7

-0.5

-0.3

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.5

-0.7

2009

-0.8

-0.7

-0.4

-0.1

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

1.0

1.2

1.3

2010

1.3

1.1

0.8

0.5

0

-0.4

-0.8

-1.1

-1.3

-1.4

-1.3

-1.4

2011

-1.3

-1.1

-0.8

-0.6

-0.3

-0.2

-0.3

-0.5

-0.7

-0.9

-0.9

-0.8

2012

-0.7

-0.6

-0.5

-0.4

-0.3

-0.1

0.1

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.2

-0.2

2013

-0.4

-0.5

-0.3

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

2014

-0.5

-0.6

-0.4

-0.2

0

0

0

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.6

2015

0.5

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.9

1.0

1.2

1.5

1.8

2.0

2.3

 

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