LAFAYETTE, Ind. (WLFI) – According to the American Diabetes Association, nearly 30 million adults and children are living with diabetes.
This month the ADA wants to educate people on the seriousness of the disease and the importance of diabetes prevention and control.
People with diabetes have to check their blood sugar levels everyday sometimes more than once.
IU Health Arnett dietician Jennifer Anderson said the various forms that can put you at risk for receiving diabetes is excessive weight, life style habits, and if the disease runs in your family.
“Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children, but doesn’t necessarily have to be but their body will stop producing insulin. Type 2 tends to be more in the adult range, when they’re diagnosed their body is still producing insulin it’s really just being resistant and not working effectively,” said Anderson.
Experts say the treatments vary for the different types of diabetes. Type 1 recipients have to inject insulin to control their blood sugar, while type 2 recipients can control blood sugar levels through diet, exercise and oral medication if needed.
Without proper control, the long-term effects of elevated blood sugar levels can lead to serious damage in the eyes, heart, kidney, nerves and feet.
This is why diet plays a major factor in controlling those blood sugar levels.
“So carbohydrate is what affects the blood sugar level,” said Anderson. “If we are really not aware of what the carbohydrates are in the diet, if were eating large portions and really even sometimes small portions depending on the medication in that dosage, that’s where we can have those extreme highs and those extreme lows.”
Anderson also said the best ways to prevent diabetes or to prevent further complications for someone who already has diabetes are the same tactics. Practice healthy lifestyle choices by exercising and eating healthy.
If you would like more information on the free diabetes education classes hosted by IU Health Arnett each month, click here.